Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people

Uroš Predić was born in Orlovat on 7 December 1857 as the youngest son of priest Petar Predić, and Marija, born Ilijević, from Crepaja. He attended elementary schhol in Orlovat, followed by a German school in Crepaja. In 1869 he enrolled in a seven-grade high school in Pančevo (the Pančevo realschule, later bearing his name). Showing great talent, he received a scholarship from Matica srpska and left to Vienna art academy in 1876.

Uroš’s art

Predić was the most prominent representative of academic realism in Serbia. He graduated from the conservative Art Academy in Vienna in 1880 in the class of professor Griepenkerl, a renowned Viennese painter, who had a major influence on Predić. During the studies he received the Gundel’s prize – for a male model painting in oil in 1879. In 1882 he worked in Griepenkerl’s private atelier, while also being Assistant Professor at the Vienna Art Academy. During this period, under the directions of Griepenkerl and architect Hansen, he created 13 paintings with mythological scenes for the frieze of Vienna Parliament. During his studies he often spent time in Pančevo. Thanks to an invitation from his acquaintance, the Pančevo priest Vasa Živković, in 1882 he painted the Crucifixion for the needs of proskomedia in the Upper Church in Pančevo, which made both the Church municipality and the priest very satisfied. Due to family commitments, in 1885 he returns to homeland, and five years later, he will organize one of his first exhibitions, in Pančevo.

He was one of the founders of art society Lada in 1904 and has been its member continously, first as its president, followed by years in the role of vice-president. He was appointed a corresponding member of Serbian Royal Academy on 26 January 1909, and a regular member the year after. He was one of the founders of the Association of Fine Artists in Belgrade in 1919, and its first president.
His artistic opus mostly involves portraits, iconography, genre scenes and historical compositions, with fewer landscapes and only one act. Seeking to achieve the most convincing resemblance to the clients, and insisting on recognizability, Predić became a chronicler of bourgeois society of his time. In 1885 in Pančevo he started painting portraits by order, sometimes using photographs for assistance. He mostly painted representational portraits, head or bust, realistically depicting people from various social classes. Along with the members of wealthy families Jagodić, Krančević, Jovanović, Dragićević, Milutinović, Radosavljević, Hadži-Pavlović, the great artist’s brush also painted the less known faces of Pančevo people.

Aside from portraits, he also painted several iconostases, thus being referred to as the last significant icon painter of Serbia – Pančevo has gained artworks of impassable artistic value, the icons in the Church of Transfiguration and the Church of Saint Ana. He also painted the iconostasis of the orthodox church in Bečej, the iconostas in the chapel of Bečej proprietor Bogdan Dunđerski, as well as the iconostasis of the church in Orlovat. As for the genre scenes, his famous works include the “Merry brothers” and the “Orphan on mother’s grave”, as well as the historical works “Hercegovina fugitives” and “Studenac”. His most famous painting is probably the “Kosovo Girl”. In 1989, Mihajlo Pupin bought off his paintings “Hercegovina fugitives” and “Orphan on mother’s grave” in Paris, and donated them to the National Musuem in Belgrade, still being a part of its collection. Predić’s special quality is seen in his drawings, particularly notable in his sketching pads.

In his long creative life, he remained faithful to the rules of old masters and he persisted in highlighting the drawings and clarity of composition, showing resistance towards the tendencies of young artists educated in Munich and Paris. Even at quite old age, he was full of energy and positive spirit. A few months before his death, he climbed on a chair to arrange some paintings in his atelier, fell down and hurt himself. He died shortly in 1953 in Belgrade, at the age of 96, as the oldest Serbian painter. According to his wish, he was buried in Orlovat.

National Museum of Pančevo

Address: Trg Kralja Petra 1, Pančevo
Working hours: Tuesday – Saturday from 10 to 19h
www.muzejpancevo.rs
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The National Museum of Pančevo is among the oldest institutions of its kind in our country, being housed in an impressive building of former Magistrate, constructed in 1833 in Neoclassicist style. Some of the exhibits kept in the Museum, such as the painting “Great Migration of Serbs” by Paja Jovanović, the flag of Serbian Principality from the Great revolution of 1848, or the 8,000 years old “Starčevo culture” items, go far beyond the local significance. The archeological collection is made up of objects ranging from the early Stone Age to late Middle Age and the times of Turkish domination in the 16th – 17th century, while the ethnological collection presents items related to material culture and spiritual customs of the people living in this region. Among the variety of museum material, an item that particularly stands out is the equipment of a Turkish warrior. The art history section displays pieces of furniture and other items in Biedermeier style. The permanent exhibition also involves items from artistic-historical collections, such as the portraits created by Uroš Predić and Paja Jovanović from the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, works by art group Pančevo 5 and modern works by Pančevo painters from the second half of the 20th century. The Museum has 30 portraits painted by Uroš Predić, a collection of drafting geometry drawings and several other drawings created during his studies, which he entrusted to Pančevo high school, forever keeping the memory of Uroš Predić.

 

Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people
Uros Predic, the maestro painter of Pančevo people